The soldiers’ equipment is always changing due to the best use of the war. In the previous warfare, the soldiers don’t have to carry lots of stuff when they get to the battlefield, because the armor is the most important thing for them to carry. However, the situation have changed during the Napoleonic War, the soldiers will carry their personal supply and weapon to the field, because they have cut the armor from the list. They will carry their blanket and so water bottle to the field as well; they will carry some of the stuff. They would carry the backpack, which is really different from the old time. For the old time, the only thing that they have is armor, but at this time, the armor is not really helpful in some way it is really deadly, because it will slow down the speed a lot, which will cause more taking more fire on down the enemies. So it will cause even more losses to the army. So they cut the armor in exchange of speed, because the faster they can engage the enemies, the more damage they can deal to the enemies. So they will only wear fancy designed clothing without any protection.
The uniform that the soldiers have are really fancy and well designed. It is really obvious which is opposite from the modern warfare. In the modern time, you want to hide yourself as much as possible. However, the situation is different at that time. In the old way of fighting, the morale is a really important decisive key of victory. Morale of soldiers is so important that can affect the outcome of the war. For example, in the battle of Battle of Issus the Alexander the great force the Persian king retreat on the battlefield, which cause the low morale of whole Persian army. The leader figure is related to the morale, the morale is related to the victory of battlefield. So the Persian lost that battle mostly because of the loss the commander cause the loss of morale that lead to defeat. So the belief of the uniform design in Napoleonic wartime is that the beautiful design and bright color will bring high morale and suppress the enemies’ morale at the same time. We believe we are still using this strategy in the design of the sports uniform.
The most important thing that soldiers need is weapon, which they will carry flintlock smoothbore gun and bayonet.
The gun have many problems, it is the accuracy and reload time. The accuracy of the gun is really unstable, it barely hit target when it is at really far distance. Even when it is close, people still have chance to miss it. One of the reasons that are cause by the smoothbore, which is bore is smooth that have no line in it. The problem cause by the smoothbore is it will lose kinect energy very fast, which is cause by the gravity and other reason. It can be solve by rifling, the spinning of bullet will help the bullet hit the target better, they have it at that time, but it is really difficult to develop in a every large number. Also the shape of the bullet is also a problem as well, the most easy way is to make it as a circle. However, the circle has the least chance to hit the target. Another problem about using the flintlock gun is the problem of the reload time. Gunner takes lots of time to reload even when they are in training, which the faster can be 4 rounds in a minutes for the skillful gunner, but for the unskillful gunner the situation can be worse. It will even take him more than one minutes to reload one bullet. The situation for the gunners can be changed on the field. They will become nervous and effect by the environment, which directly lead to slow down the reload speed. It will bring great advantage for the cavalry if the gunner didn’t cause enough damage, then the cavalry can easily break the line of the infantry. So the cavalry become really fatal to the infantry.
The flintlock smoothbore gun also has many other great advantages that the previous weapons don’t have. The gun used in Napoleonic war was a perfect combination of melee and missile weapon. The soldiers at that time every one of them will carry bayonet, which is a knife that can be install to the gun, and can make the gun become the spear use and it can shoot people from every far distance. In the previous time, which is cannot be accomplished at the same time. In the old time, the pike man will only carry the pike, and the gunner will only carry the gun, the gunner have to fight under the protection of the pike man. Now they have shooter pikes and better gun put together that can make the soldiers move available to war. To operate the gun, it doesn’t really require any sort of skill or experience to do so, but it is different for the archer, the archer need lots of time to training in order to become an archer that can hit the target. The crossbow, which is also a really powerful weapon which somehow can shot further and have more precision power than the flintlock gun does, but the crossbow is that so easy to make. The gun is much easier to deploy in a great number.
The biggest benefit that brought by the gun is the destruction on the moral. The sound that create by the gun is never seen in the war that before. Sound is a really magic thing that can affect our brain as well as the visual does. This gun can create shocking exploding sound that none of the previous has. The gun can kill people and shake the enemies moral in far distance. When one gun fire the sound is not striking enough, but when a line of soldier fire, it will have great effect on enemies moral. Bayonet can be used as charging the enemies, but they don’t always do that, most of the result of charging is retreat before they reach the enemies, because the casualties and sound have destroy the moral before they can even touch them. The role of melee has decrease a lot for the infantry. Also the fire and smoke at create when they fire the firearm is also a shock for the horse and the enemies as well. The visual and sound effects that create by the gun is never seen in the history of human warfare.
So the gun can brought casualty and moral strike at the same time, also missile attack and melee defenses that the swords can’t do and the bows can’t do. We also can see the pre model of how a modern soldier is going to be in the future and basically no significant change even today’s soldiers as well but with more equipment than before.