Senior Project Paper Annotated Bibliography

“History of the Louvre From Château to Museum.” History of the Louvre. History of the Louvre, 1 Apr. 2010. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


Summary: The renovation of the Louvre was not only a large architectural and political undertaking, therefore it was decide that the competition process normally used to select architects for projects of this size would not be followed, as Mitterand did not want to leave an endeavor this important to any uncertainties.




main pyramid sits atop a 2m-thick concrete slab with large spans. The stair connecting the Napoleon court with the bottom level is also a feat, with its 540º self-supporting curve. As Nicolet Chartrand Knoll refer to the Louvre pyramid in their webpage French version “The scope for the structural engineer, as bluntly expressed by the architect I.M. Pei, was that of building a structure as transparent as technology could reach. Through a close collaboration between the architect, the structural engineer and the other professionals it was possible to reach a successful outcome. Out of about 25 different structures which were studied, one was finally selected 

Mr Pei was not too impressed by its transparency either. The main point is a conceptual one: this is not the design of a glass pyramid, but the design of a steel pyramid clad with glass. Glass is just filling the space between the stainless steel struts, it is not taking any structural role. As Mick Eekhout the Dutch structural glass specialist – would put it, the main pyramid is an example of space frame with integrated glazing.

The Louvre Pyramid is constructed by Chinese American Ieoh Ming Pei. Although before constructing the pyramid, Ieoh Ming Pei faced with great pressure from the publicity, the Louvre Pyramid which once was blamed when it was completed has been a symbol of the Louvre Palace. Its position can be put on a par with the Eiffel Tower in Paris