Senior Project Paper Annotated Bibliography

 

Source #1
What is your source?
  • An article wrote by Reema Moudgil.
Using Easybib.com, create and paste your MLA citation here.
Moudgil, Reema. “Pei’s Mark on the Face of Paris.” The New Indian Express. N.p., 3 Mar. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014.

 

Summary:
  • Very few modern landmarks have the instant recall of the Louvre Pyramid, designed by Leoh Ming Pei.
  • He has been credited with redefining contemporary architecture.
  • Pei founded an independent design firm in 1955.

 

Assessment:
  • The glass pyramid is the most famous achievement of Pei’s.
  • This work attracted controversy in 1980’s
  • His idea was largely negative and it was questioned why a Chinese American had been entrusted with the sacred spaces of French history.

 

Reflection:
  • Art is worldwide basis, no matter who you are, where are you from, there are people will admire you as long as you have impressive artistic personality.
  • IM Pei is one of the most famous Chinese American Architects in the world. His art works are full of innovation.

 

 

 

 

Source #2
What is your source?
Using Easybib.com, create and paste your MLA citation here.
  • Kroll, Andrew. “AD Classics: Le Grande Louvre / I.M. Pei.” ArchDaily. N.p., 18 Nov. 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
Summary:
  • The main idea of this pyramid did not detract from the historical nature of the museum.
  • With the history of the Louvre dating back to the 12th Century
  • The Louvre has been deeply rooted in the history and culture of the Parisian people.
Assessment:
  • Louvre is a museum came along with a long history.
  • Most felt that Pei’s modern design aesthetic would clash with the Louvre’s Classical architecture;
Reflection:
  • It was hard for Pei to built something that has innovation but not to detract form French history.
  • Pei’s work combined history and innovation of art very successfully.

 

 

 

 

Source #3
What is your source?
Using Easybib.com, create and paste your MLA citation here.
  • Allsop, Laura. “At 93, Louvre Pyramid Architect I.M. Pei Is Still Going Strong.” CNN. Cable News Network, 28 July 2010. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
Summary:
  • Pei was awarded the title of one of France’s highest decorations in 1993 by his work- “Grand louver”
  • Buildings Pei has designed include the Bank of China in Hong Kong (where his father was once a governor), the JFK Memorial Library and Museum in Boston and the East Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington. And the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha,

 

 

Assessment:
  • Today, the pyramid is considered one of the world’s major architectural achievements and a beacon for visitors to the museum.
  • Before the pyramid was built, people don’t know where to start to visit the whole museum
Reflection:
  • The inspiration of art creation is from the original nature.
  • As a great artist, the first and the most important thing is to appreciate the nature .

 

 

 

 

Source #4
What is your source?
  • An article from the New York Times.
Using Easybib.com, create and paste your MLA citation here.
  • Goldberger, Paul. “Pei Pyramid and New Louvre Open Today.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 28 Mar. 1989. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
Summary:
  • The pyramid’s structure has a strictly geometric formal quality that ties it to the Parisian cityscape.
  • The original buildings of the Louvre, which surround the pyramid on three sides, are visible through it

 

Assessment:
  • The vast new underground Louvre contains a 29-foot-high main hall beneath the glass pyramid, shops, cafeterias, an auditorium and education and information facilities for visitors, and storage and work areas for the staff.
Reflection:
  • The pyramid seems like a simple mundane glass building, but it has something wonderful happen inside of it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“History of the Louvre From Château to Museum.” History of the Louvre. History of the Louvre, 1 Apr. 2010. Web. 1 Nov. 2014.

 

Summary: The renovation of the Louvre was not only a large architectural and political undertaking, therefore it was decide that the competition process normally used to select architects for projects of this size would not be followed, as Mitterand did not want to leave an endeavor this important to any uncertainties.

main pyramid sits atop a 2m-thick concrete slab with large spans. The stair connecting the Napoleon court with the bottom level is also a feat, with its 540º self-supporting curve. As Nicolet Chartrand Knoll refer to the Louvre pyramid in their webpage French version “The scope for the structural engineer, as bluntly expressed by the architect I.M. Pei, was that of building a structure as transparent as technology could reach. Through a close collaboration between the architect, the structural engineer and the other professionals it was possible to reach a successful outcome. Out of about 25 different structures which were studied, one was finally selected 

Mr Pei was not too impressed by its transparency either. The main point is a conceptual one: this is not the design of a glass pyramid, but the design of a steel pyramid clad with glass. Glass is just filling the space between the stainless steel struts, it is not taking any structural role. As Mick Eekhout the Dutch structural glass specialist – would put it, the main pyramid is an example of space frame with integrated glazing.

Assessment: The Louvre Pyramid is constructed by Chinese American Ieoh Ming Pei. Although before constructing the pyramid, Ieoh Ming Pei faced with great pressure from the publicity, the Louvre Pyramid which once was blamed when it was completed has been a symbol of the Louvre Palace. Its position can be put on a par with the Eiffel Tower in Paris

 

https://www.behance.net/gallery/11786885/The-Louvre-Pyramid-Controversy

“The Louvre Pyramid Controversy.” Behance. Behance, 29 Oct. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

 

Summary: People thought that President Mitterrand chose the glass pyramid to be the final design because of his “Pharaonic complex”

But the allegation that 666 panes of glass were used in it’s construction makes it even more controversial. The number 666 is considered ominous, and in biblical context is called ‘the number of the beast’ and is associated with Satan.

 

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/books/chap1/im_pei.htm

 

Cannell, Michael T. “I.M. Pei Mandarin of Modernism.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 1995. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.