Ross School - Senior Project 2006-07

Student: Alexandra Aldredge

Mentor: Carrie Clark

Consultant: Daniella Boston

Domain: Cultural History

Product                             

Title:

"Yesterday I killed my mother. Where were you?" An In-depth Look on Uganda’s Forgotten Genocide

Description:

For my Senior Project I wrote an in-depth analytical paper on the neglected genocide in Uganda, and created a power-point presentation geared to spread awareness to those unacquainted with the situation. My goal was to help increase global understanding through my partnership with the non-profit organization uNight: For the Children of Uganda. Through this partnership I was able to expand my understanding of the conflict, as well as help raise funds and awareness for uNight through assemblies, and presentations at my school. By collaborating with the Human Rights Club at Ross, I was able to begin my own sub-chapter of uNight: For the Children of Uganda. Throughout this process I have learned to manage my time, formulate important decisions, focus on one specific community service project, and thoroughly research a widely undocumented topic.

Details:

Senior Project Paper

Senior Project PowerPoint Presentation

Abstract

I wrote a twenty-nine-page paper detailing the nuanced and complicated history of Uganda, as well as the Ugandan Genocide. Interspersed throughout this paper were quotes and opinions from my interview with Ugandan native Emmanuel Ochora, and examples of non-profit organizations founded to help end this twenty-year war. I researched the conflict through many sources both text and online, as well as interviews, and emails with Daniella Boston, a non-profit activist and also the founder of uNight: For the Children of Uganda. I used a wide range of opinions and sources to create a historically accurate portrait of a country that is extremely complex and multifaceted. I subjected my paper to many revisions by teachers, my mentor, and even family members so as to hone my analytical and historical writing skills. Along with my paper, I created a power point presentation designed to raise awareness throughout the Eastern end of Long Island. I used many photographs and images throughout this power point to give other people a chance to visualize the true horrors of this conflict. I researched all of the information for my power point through text and online sources. The final component of my project was to found the first uNight chapter at Ross. I accomplished this with the help of the Human Rights Club, and Daniella Boston. I hope for the future to continue these meetings, and to finally meet with other schools on the East End to help spread my message of awareness and peace in Uganda. My project was one step closer to achieving this goal.

Annotated List of Works Cited

Allen, Tim. Trial Justice: The International Criminal Court and The Lord’s Resistance Army. New York, NY: Zed Books, International African Institute, 2006. I used this book because it was extremely detailed. It provided me with an in dept history of the country, its rulers, child soldiers, and life in the bush. There was a very detailed section on Alice Lakawena, and Joseph Kony. This book was very helpful and relevant.

Boddy-Evans, Alistair. “Biography: Idi Amin.” About: African History. 2006. Viewed 29 Nov. 2006. <http://africanhistory.about.com/od/biography/a/bio_amin.htm>. This source was an in-depth history on the infamous Idi Amin. This resource contributed detailed fact and sweeping generalizations on Idi Amin to my paper. It added historical content.

Boston, Daniella. uNight: for the Children of Uganda. Viewed 24 Aug. 2006. <http://unight.org/>. This was one of my main sources for my paper, power point, and process portfolio. It provided me with information on how to begin a non-profit organization, as well as beginning a chapter of this group at my own school. I learned about the conflict in Uganda from news articles on the site, as well as the history of the organization. This site was very good on coaching me how to get involved in the conflict, and to get other involved as well.

Briggs, Jimmie. Innocents Lost: When Child Soldiers Go to War. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2005. This book was a detailed account of child soldiers all over the world. It provided me with insightful personal stories, as well as the lives of child soldiers. This book was an excellent source of detailed accounts of life in the bush, translated from the perspective of the abducted and then released children.

“Caution, Children at War: The Crisis in Northern Uganda.” World Vision: Building a Better World for Children. 2006. Viewed 22 Nov. 2006. <http://domino-201.worldvision.org/worldvision/wvususfo.nsf/stable/globalissues_uganda>. This source, as well as providing an overview of the conflict and a few detailed sections, also provided me with helpful links on how to help in this situation. I incorporated these links into my paper in the section on non-profit organizations, as well as in my process portfolio. This also afforded me with facts, and statistics on the conflict.

Charny, Israel W., William S. Parsons, Samuel Totten.Century of Genocide eyewitness accounts and critical views. New York: Garland Publishing Inc. 1997. I used this source because it was written for those interested in Genocide, and for those who are researching it. This book gives in depth stories, coupled with critical analysis of certain specific Genocide cases. This book gives explanations and separates different sections of the different genocides so it is easier to understand. This book is based more on facts, but does give the opinion that genocides do actually occur. This book is for students and people who are interested. It is very convinced that genocides were actually happening, and does not question the fact.

“Country profile: Uganda.” BBCNews Country Profile. 2006. Viewed 21 Sept. 2006. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1069166.stm>. This was an excellent source for background on Uganda. It gave me factual information, without bias or preconceptions, which was valuable and constructive during my research process.

Emmannuel Ochora. Phone Interview. 21 October, 2006.

“genocide." Encyclopĺdia Britannica.2006. Encyclopĺdia Britannica Online.2 Apr. 2006 <http://search.eb.com/eb/article-230749>. The main purpose for this encyclopedia article is to express an example of the problems and conflicts surrounding the definition of genocide. This article is of the opinion that there are many differences between “acts of war” and “genocide”. It holds that many wars may have been started with intents other than the wiping out of a specific group, and may morph into another form of “ethnic cleansing”. This article is for those researching genocide, and its surrounding conflicts. This article gives examples as well as its point of view of the conflicts surrounding the term “genocide”. A failing of this site is that its information is biased towards the ambiguous side.

“genocide." Encyclopĺdia Britannica.2006.Encyclopĺdia Britannica Online.2 Apr. 2006 <http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9036419>. The main purpose for this encyclopedia article was to give base information on the definition of Genocide. This website is of the opinion that genocide is the systematic wiping out of a group of people based on their ethnicity, race, gender, or religion. It is a work for people doing research on genocide, and defines the word as well as giving background information on when it was coined. This article gives examples of how ancient this barbaric practice is, starting with Thucydides, and the people of Melos, proceeding to the Rwandan Hutu and Tutsi tribes in Africa. This site is not one for personal stories or extra information. It sticks to quick examples and shorter sentences.

Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Uganda Peace Hinges on Amnesty for Brutality.” New York Times Archive. 2006. Viewed 29 Oct. 2006. <http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50E14F939550C768DDDA00894DE404482>. This site added a new perspective from a news journal. Fresh and different from the BBC news, it added a new dimension to something that was so often repeated: the history of the conflict. This was mostly fact-based with a little personal touch here and there. It helped me with my research on the history of the country and the conflict.

“In pictures: Night commuters.” BBCNews Africa in Pictures. 2006. Viewed 29 Aug. 2006. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/africa_night_commuters/html/1.stm>. This source was excellent at providing photographs of the people in Uganda. It also supplied me with interesting personal stories on a few select Ugandan citizens, such as Denis, a young boy. This site gave me both factual information and pictures of the conflict in Uganda.

International Criminal Court. International Criminal Court: Situation in Uganda. 2006. Viewed 17 Dec. 2006. <http://www.icc-cpi.int/home.html&l=en>. This site was a direct source. It gave me direct facts about the arrest for Joseph Kony and his advisors. This was an excellent source, a bit difficult to understand, but complete with history, current events, and public information on the arrest for Joseph Kony and the charges against him.

Invisible Children. Viewed 18 Oct. 2006. <http://www.invisiblechildren.com/home.php>. I used this source because it was multi-media and exceptionally poignant. Beginning as a bunch of kids traveling, this site morphed into a video project of massive proportions. This site provided me with, again, facts about the conflict, but more importantly personal stories of children in Uganda. The most significant aspect of this site was the movement and the movie. Because of the movie thousands of people are pitching in to help the people of Uganda through clothing, classrooms, and a world tour. InvisibleChildren was very motivating and powerful.

KU For Uganda. 2006. Viewed 10 Dec. 2006. <http://groups.ku.edu/~ku4u/getinvolved.html>. This was an excellent volunteer site, as well as research site. I learned how to get involved and facts about the conflict. This was an excellent site to obtain broad information about the genocide in Uganda.

“Law, Crime, and Law Enforcement." Encyclopĺdia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopĺdia Britannica Online. Viewed 3 Apr. 2006 <http://search.eb.com/eb/article-250183>. This site is written for people researching this specific topic. It is explaining law and crime in international situations, such as genocide. This site gives straight facts about the examples in history where there have been such situations, namely, Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. This article is based on facts and names, citing examples as references. This site is in existence to bring information to those researching genocide, and international crime and punishment. It is fact based, and gives no in depth opinion on the matter at hand.

The Name Campaign. 2006. Viewed 22 Oct. 2006. <http://www.creativevisions.org/name/>. This site was one of those that I researched for my paper. I learned a different approach of how to get involved from this site. It added a more personal feel to the genocide by placing names and faces along with dates and numbers. This site made the genocide real.

“Uganda opposition rally blocked.” BBCNews African Conflicts. 2007. Viewed 6 Jan. 2007. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6237581.stm>. I used this resource because it is recent. It provides me with current, international news swiftly and successfully. At times it can be based more on facts, while other times the stories and articles are more emotional and dramatic. This can cause prejudice in the information. This site was very useful at getting an widespread range of information on my subject, and country.

“Ugandan LRA rebels sign new truce.” BBCNews African Conflicts. 2006. Viewed 1 Nov. 2006. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6105800.stm>. I used this source most importantly because it is current. It provides me with up to date, international news quickly and securely. At times it can be based more on facts, while other times the stories and articles are more emotional. This can cause bias in the information. This site was very useful at getting a broad range of information on my topic, and country.

“UN envoy sees Uganda rebel chief.” BBCNews African Conflicts. 2006. Viewed 12 Nov. 2006. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6139554.stm>. I used this source because it is up to date. It provides me with current, international news promptly and effectively. At times it can be based more on facts, while other times the stories and articles are more poignant and expressive. This can cause partiality in the information. This site was very useful at getting a extensive range of information on my subject, and country.

World Fact Book. CIAWorldFactBook.org: Uganda. 2007. Viewed 15 Dec. 2007. <http://www.factbook.org/factbook/ug.shtml>. This site was entirely fact-based. It was all about the country not the conflict, and was the main base of my profile of Uganda. This site was relatively easy to use and understand, and it gave straightforward facts.

Community Member (Details)

Daniella Boston is the co-founder of uNight: For the Children of Uganda, a non-profit organization dedicated to aiding the neglected and wounded children of Uganda. She came to speak at The Ross School in the winter of 2005-2006, where she showed videos and spoke about her cause. I decided to do my project at this time. I used Daniella as my community member because she is willing, excited, motivated, interesting, dynamic, and already had a wide-range of knowledge on my subject. We communicated mostly through e-mails because of our busy schedules, and our traveling plans, however we spoke on the phone and met in person twice. Daniella assisted me throughout my entire project, especially when I was founding the uNight chapter at Ross, and when I was working on my power point presentation. Unfortunately Daniella was in London during the Senior Project opening, and my Senior Project presentation. She was not able to see either, and because of her travel plans, was unable to read my paper as of the moment. I hope in the future to e-mail Daniella both my power point and my paper to gain feedback on her opinions. Daniella was extremely excited when she heard I chose to do this subject matter as my senior project, and through her e-mails exhibited how proud she was of my effort. I fully appreciated her outlook and opinions, and repeatedly thanked her through e-mail, and through a telephone conversation. Daniella inspired me to become an activist on this two-decade conflict ravaging the lives of thousands of Ugandans each day.