Title: New Urbanism: A Rebirth of City Planning
Description: Due to my interest in architecture and the environment, I decided to design a community that followed the New Urbanist Principles. New Urbanism is a movement that seeks to rectify the negative aspects of the suburban lifestyle. Followers of New Urbanism strive to design communities that work more efficiently and have a smaller impact on the environment.
This is part of my second sketch. In this sketch I was trying to figure out the layout of the houses and whether or not to show the lots or the houses itself. A mistake I made was to not continue the alleyways all the way through the block.
This was my fourth sketch. My main focus in this drawing was correcting the town centers and figuring out a way to connect them so they are equality accessible.
This is my final product. The main drawing in the center is the final design for the town. It is 30” x 40”. The scale is 1” – 100’, the total area is roughly 1 square mile. The final product was done with pencil at first. It was then colored with colored pencil and outlined with black permanent marker. The pictures, title, and final drawing were pasted to foam core. The computer is showing a short video that describes what New Urbanism is. My process book and paper are also on display.
For my senior project I designed a community that moved away from the wasteful manner in which we live today. By following the principles of New Urbanism I was able to put together a design of a community that would work in a more efficient manner. The principles of New Urbanism are
3. Mixed use and diversity
4. Mixed housing
5. Quality Architecture and urban design
6. Traditional neighborhood structure
7. Increased density
8. Smart transportation
10. High quality of life
When these ten principles are incorporated into the design of a town, the place is transformed. It becomes more sustainable and achieves a tighter sense of community. The New Urbanist movement does not only want to create places that will reduce an areas carbon footprint, but also create places that work to bring people together. New Urbanism wants to get rid of suburbia, to tear down the invisible boundaries and isolation suburbia has brought to our culture. Their mission is to bring people together, in a place that is good for the earth and the inhabitant’s overall well being.
The ten principles are a guideline that city
planners should follow in order to achieve the highest level of sustainability
for a specific area. The first principle, walkability, states that
amenities should be in a 10 to 15 minute walking distance (1/4 ml.). Connectivity
calls for a higher density around the center of the town, or the place where
there is the most public and commercial space. This method is usually
referred to as transect planning. Mixed use and diversity is one of the
most important principles. It states that spaces should vary in
functions. This is applied to spaces within the same building, the same
block and throughout the whole community. This also relates to having
different types of housing. Having houses that range in size, value and
location will ultimately lead to a community with people that vary in wealth
and race. Quality architecture and urban design urges the community to
pride itself in aesthetics. Some ways of increasing aesthetics is by
having trees line the streets, ample sidewalks, alleyways that hide cars from
the street and locating buildings close to the road. In order to have a
traditional neighborhood structure, New Urbanist planners look to imitate the
structure of ancient cities like
I incorporated these ten principles in my design by having one town center in the middle of the town. Having the town center in the middle of the town makes it more easily accessible for people surrounding it. I made all the commercial buildings have apartments on the top floors in order to have diversity of usage of the buildings. I also mixed in gardens, commercial buildings, parking buildings and different types of housing in each block. There are at least 4 types of housing facilities in this community, town houses, 2 family homes, single-family homes and granny flats above commercial buildings. I estimated that about 1,400 people would be able to live in this community that is about 1 square mile. This is a great reduction from about 50 square miles that 1,400 people would take up in the suburbs. This excludes the amount of area that will be needed for agriculture and commerce. Tree lined streets, bike routes, hidden parking lots and alleyways add to the aesthetics of the town. By having the town be connected by a grid pattern allows traffic to spread out and encourage pedestrian and bicycle traffic. This community is also situated between the railroad, a major highway and a waterway that connects to the ocean. This allows people to have an easier time taking public transportation instead of cars. I also added a significant amount of farmland on the outskirts of the community as well as gardens for every block.
The purpose of this project was to show
people how harmful for the environment it is to live in the suburbs. I
wanted to show the negative aspects that transporting goods across millions of
miles has on the environment. I also wanted to increase awareness to the
importance that thinking locally has on a global scale. My project draws
connections from ancient times all the way to the present. It
incorporates design ideas for ancient cities like
Ascher, Kate. The Works Anatomy of a City.
Chapman, Robert L. and Milton Grenfell. New Urbanism. 2009. <http://www.tndpartners.com/newurbanism/>.
Kwartler, Michael, and Longo Gianni.
Visioning and visualization people, pixels, and plans.
Longo, Gianni. Telephone interview. 8 Oct. 2009.
Steel, Carolyn. "How Food Shapes our Cities." July 2009.
The End of Suburbia: Oil Depletion and the Collapse of The American Dream. Dir. Gregory Greene. 2004.
US Energy Information Administration. Energy Kids. <http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=solar_home-basics#top-container>.
Wolfe, Ann M. Suburban Escape The Art of
Community Member (Details)
Gianni Longo is renowned developer. He was a pioneer in creating the
movement that is now New Urbanism. From its humble beginnings in the
1980’s, Mr. Longo has continued to spread the word about the importance that
achieving sustainability in a community has on a global standard. Mr.
Longo has also published a book that talks about the importance that people
have in shaping their community. He is currently leading an effort known
as Imagine New York: Giving Voice to the People’s Vision. This
effort allows people in